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Myrtus communis


Myrtus communis

(Myrtle)


Botanical info: 

Myrtle is a broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree that typically grows to 1.5 – 1.8  tall but may reach 5 m over time and bears  glossy dark green, strongly aromatic, leaves. It grows naturally in most well drained places with direct sun. It is native to the Mediterranean basin. Flowering from May to July.  


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Nature of Women: 

        a. Bay laurel and myrtle mixed with water as a head cleansing decoction against hysteria. 

        b. As a decoction for the treatment of uterus ulcers.

        c. Against closing of uterus orifice. 

    b. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. Ivy leaves mixed with myrtle and bay laurel leaves in warm water are used as uterus enema.  

    c. In Diseases of Women 2:

        a. As a poultice for uterus bleeding.   


Other uses: 

The fruit is an edible berry, blue-black when ripe. The essential oils derived from this plant have anti-proliferative and anti-quorum sensing properties, helping against food spoilage. Myrtle berries are also macerated in alcohol to make a liqueur.


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