Black mulberry is a broad-crowned small deciduous tree growing to 12 m, with heart-shaped dark green leaves, turning yellow in autumn. It grows as naturalized plant in cultivated lands, and roadsides. It is considered native to Iran but is naturalized in the northern coasts of Mediterranean Sea. Flowering from June to August.
a. In Nature of Women:
a. Black mulberry leaves are used as poultice for vulval irritations.
b. In Diseases of Women 1:
a. Black mulberry fruit is used as bile secretive.
The tree has long been cultivated for its edible fruit, which often is used for jams and sherbets. It was much used in folk medicine, especially in the treatment of ringworm.