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Juniperus phoenicea


Juniperus phoenicea

(Phoenician juniper)


Botanical info: 

Phoenician juniper is a large coniferous shrub or small tree reaching 2–12 m tall, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter and a rounded or irregular crown. The leaves are of two forms, juvenile needle-like, and adult scale-like leaves. It is naturally found in coastal areas but also in maquis. It is native to the Mediterranean basin. Male cones mature in late spring and female 12-18 months later. 


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Nature of Women: 

        a. For the treatment of post birth shivering. 

        b. For the treatment of uterus pain and bleeding.

    b. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. As post-birth analgesic. 

        b. For milk flow recovery. 

    c. In Diseases of Women 2:

        a. For the treatment of hysteria.  

        b. For the treatment of female genitals ulcers. 


Other uses: 

Phoenician juniper berries are used as a seasoning in cooking or in alcoholic beverages, particularly to flavor gin. Phoenician juniper berries have also been used in traditional medicine for different conditions, although there is no high-quality clinical evidence that it has any effect. Berries or wood tar extracts have been used as an aroma, particularly for cosmetics. Phoenician juniper extracts used topically may cause skin allergic reactions, and should be avoided during pregnancy.


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