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Ficus carica


Ficus carica

(Fig tree)


Botanical info: 

Fig tree is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 7–10 m, noted for its spreading habit, attractive foliage consisted by large, palmate leaves, hairy, dark green above and smooth light green beneath. It grows mainly in disturbed grounds and presents an anthropogenic distribution. It is native to northeast and southwest Mediterranean coast expanding northeast to the Black Sea coasts. Flowers inconspicuously internal to the fruit. 


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Ulcers:

        a. Fig leaves are used for the preparation of poultices against wound inflammation and oedemas.

        b. Fig tree sap is used as wound cleanser.  

    b. In Affections:

        a. Poultice of fig leaves cools inflammations. 

    c. In Nature of Women: 

        a. Fig tree sap is used as uterus purgative. 

    d. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. Against face skin discoloring.  

        b. Fig tree sap is used against uterus orifice stenosis.  


Other uses: 

In some old Mediterranean folk practices, the milky sap of the fig plant was used to soften calluses, remove warts, and deter parasites. Since the late 1800s, syrup of figs combined with senna has been available as a laxative. Like other plant species in the family contact with the milky sap of fig followed by exposure to ultraviolet light can cause phytophotodermatitis, a potentially serious skin inflammation.


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