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Ferula communis


Ferula communis

(Giant fennel)


Botanical info: 

Giant fennel is a perennial herbaceous plant growing to 1.8-2.4 m tall, with stout stems and bright hairy like foliage. It grows mainly in coastal woodlands and shrublands, meadows, and fields. It is native to the Mediterranean coasts. Flowering  from late spring to mid-summer. 


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Coan Prenotions:

        a. For the localization of skull fractures, the patient bites a giant fennel stem, and the diagnosis is performed through the dumbness of the sound.

    b. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. As a  versatile medicine for placenta related disorders. 

        b. As hemostatic for nose bleeding. 

        c. As a fumigant.  


Other uses: 

Its young stems and inflorescences were eaten in ancient Rome and are still eaten in Morocco today. However, culinary uses of this species are not always safe, and poisoning may occur. The phenolic compound ferulic acid is named for the giant fennel, from which it can be isolated. In Ancient Greek mythology, Prometheus gave mortals fire by hiding it in the plant's hollow stalk. Since antiquity, the resin of giant fennel species has been used for medicinal purposes. In the past, rods and whips for disciplinary purposes were made from the stalk of giant fennel.


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