ΚΡΟΚΟΣ


Crocus sativus


Crocus sativus

(Saffron)


Botanical info: 

Saffron is a cormus perennial plant up to 30 cm tall, with linear leaves sprouting in spring and flowering mid-autumn. Though it has not been found in the wild, as its natural habitat are considered coastal sands and meadows. It is a Greek endemic introduced and cultivated in Turkey, Italy, and Spain. 


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Ulcers:

        a. Mixed with copper slag for the treatment of old and new wounds. 

    b. In Nature of Women:

        a. As a fumigant. 

    c. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. For the treatment of ulcers in the genitals. 

    d. In Diseases of Women 2:

        a. For the treatment of uterus flatulence. 

        b. As a fumigant.  


Other uses: 

Saffron is the most valuable spice by weight. Depending on the size of harvested stigmas, 50,000–75,000 Crocus sativus plants are needed to produce about 1 pound of saffron; each flower only produces three stigmas. Stigmas should be harvested mid-morning when the flowers are fully opened. It is considered carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue and it is used as a diaphoretic for children and for chronic hemorrhage of the uterus in adults.


Images: