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Crithmum maritimum


Crithmum maritimum

(Sea fennel)


Botanical info: 

Sea fennel is an herbaceous perennial rhizomatous plant, with robust and often woody at the base stems. The leaves are basal, waxy, fleshy, of glaucous-green color. Its flowering from July to September.  Its habitat includes coastal cliffs, reefs, piers, and gravel beaches. It is native in the Mediterranean region, part of the Black Sea, and in the European Atlantic coasts.  


Hippocratic legacy: 

    a. In Regimen 2: 

        a. Sea fennel juice is diuretic.  

    b. In Nature of Women:

        a. As a decoction for the treatment of watery uterus. 

    c. In Diseases of Women 1:

        a. For the stimulation of menstruation. 


Other uses: 

The leaves kept in pickle and eaten in salads with oil and vinegar is a pleasant sauce for meat, wholesome for the stoppings of the liver and kidneys. It is the pleasantest sauce, most familiar and best agreeing with man's body. Sea fennel has nutritional value, being rich in vitamin C, vitamins E and K, iodine, carotenoids, and flavonoids. It is also rich in antioxidants and in omega-3 fatty acids. The consumption of sea fennel was common among seafarers as a valuable aid for the prevention of scurvy.


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